As explained in my previous posts, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are detrimental to juvenile development and have lasting affects that shape adult behavior. Therefore, the subsection of youth in the foster care system is vulnerable to the detrimental affects of ACEs and should be afforded additional care and services.
But since ACEs seem to be
fairly pervasive, how do we determine who has ACEs and how many they have?
Implementation of a Universal Form of ACE Testing:
The 1998 Kaiser-CDC study that introduced ACEs found that 52% of participants reported at least 1 ACE, and 25% of participants had more than 2 ACEs. It is unlikely that the Kaiser-CDC ACE findings have decreased given that the United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, greatly surpassing our neighbors abroad. In the US, almost 1 in 28 children have a parent who is incarcerated. For that reason, it is important that a standardized ACE test is implemented as a base determination of child trauma and as a mechanism to assess what services may be beneficial to youth who are entering the dependency system.
Continue reading “ACE Detection and Treatment: A Holistic Approach for Foster Youth”
In my last
post, I explained why kinship foster care is the ideal out-of-home
placement for children in foster care. The concept of extended families taking
care of each other’s children is not new. Even today, millions of children
are being raised by their relatives in informal kinship care, where
government agencies are never involved. The modern increase in kinship care was
a result of legislation
intended to alleviate the nation’s decades-long foster home shortage. With
their back against the wall, lawmakers are finally supporting the types of
policies we should have used all along: placing kids with their families. Why
did it take so long?
In this post, I will discuss the history of the Child Welfare System with a focus on socioeconomic class, and how that history impacts our system today. The forerunners of today’s Child Welfare System were right to focus on placing kids with families but were wrong about which families were best. That history helps explain why kinship care has been historically disfavored.
Continue reading “The Dangerous Classes: Why is Kinship Care the Hot New Thing?”
I. Current Landscape
good news is that California as a state recognizes
the importance of implementing a trauma informed approach to child
welfare cases. Assembly
Bill 2083 was approved by Governor Brown at the end of 2018. The
bill provides a continuum of care provision, which means that foster children
will no longer be aged out
of the system, and provisions for counties to ensure that foster
care placements are actually equipped with training to deal with children who
have trauma. The legislation is focused on creating case plans or placements
that are tailored to the specific needs of each child, since we know that children entering
the system have been through life events that create long-lasting trauma.
my view, AB
2083 establishes the threshold for a state-wide approach to child
dependency. Assemblyman Ken Cooley, who introduced this legislation, asserts
that the bill does the following:
- Sets the expectation for coordinated services at the local level for youth who require services from multiple agencies through formalized Memorandums of Understanding.
- Requires the Secretary of Health and Human Services and Superintendent of Public Instruction to establish a joint inter-agency resolution team at the State level with certain responsibilities, including but not limited to, providing technical assistance to county agencies to establish local MOUs, and link youth to needed services.
- Requires the interagency team to review the availability of appropriate placements (from family homes to congregate care) that are trained and/or supported to provide trauma-informed care to foster youth and make recommendations to the Legislature for improvements in this area.
- Requires the interagency team to consult with stakeholders, including practitioners, to develop a plan to increase the availability of trauma-informed services to youth in care.
All of these things are great and a step in the right direction, but what if there were state-wide Memoranda of Understanding that each county agreed upon that addressed the needs of families before children are removed and placed in foster care? Why are there not interagency teams established by the Secretary of Health and Human Services to link parents to drug treatment programs, housing opportunities, child care and job training so that families have the tools to create healthy environments for themselves and their children?
Continue reading “A State-Wide Trauma-Informed Care Approach: Implementation of Stricter Guidelines for Discretion in Child Welfare Cases and a Shift Towards Family Services in the Early Stages”
While many of us would like to believe we live in a post racial era, where everyone is seen and treated as an equal, unfortunately, that just isn’t so. In many of our systems, even those designed to do good and help others, race matters a great deal. One such system is the child welfare/ foster care system. It’s no secret that children of color are overrepresented in this system. This has been acknowledged for many years. In this series of posts, I aim to address why race matters in this system, how the race and culture of a child should be considered in his/her foster care placement, and the ways in which we can work to make the system better for children and families of color.
Before we dive into talking about racial disparities, implicit biases, and sifting through whether or not the child welfare system is racist and what that really means, there’s something that I think is important to acknowledge and understand: discussing race often makes people uncomfortable, defensive, and sometimes angry. I believe it is critical to establish the lens through which I am viewing and discussing this issue.
Continue reading “White Saviors are Not Saving Children”